Compare drug alternatives

Synjardy® Alternatives

Synjardy®(metformin hydrochloride)
Mounjaro ®(tirzepatide)
Prescription Only
Synjardy is a medication that combines empagliflozin and metformin, both of which are oral drugs designed to regulate blood sugar levels. Empagliflozin functions by assisting the...
Prescription Only
Mounjaro (tirzepatide) is prescribed for adults with type 2 diabetes to effectively lower blood sugar levels (blood glucose). Administered as a once-weekly injection, Mounjaro is...
Dosage & Administration
Administration
Oral . Learn more.
Subcutaneous . Learn more.
Dosing
Take orally twice daily with meals, with gradual dosage escalation to reduce the gastrointestinal side effects due to metformin.. Learn more.
2.5 mg injected subcutaneously once weekly * After 4 weeks, increase to 5 mg injected SC once weekly *Increase the dosage in 2.5 mg increments after at least 4 weeks on the current dose. if needed. * Max dosage is 15 mg weekly.. Learn more.
Latin Shorthand
Take PO BID with meals, titrate dose gradually to mitigate metformin GI SE.. Learn more.
Start: 2.5 mg SC weekly Wk 4: Increase to 5 mg SC weekly If more control needed, ↑ by 2.5 mg after ≥4 wks Max: 15 mg SC weekly Weekly dosing, any time, w/wo meals SC injection: abd, thigh, upper arm. Learn more.
Financial Assistance
Out-Of-Pocket Costs With Copay Card
Annual Cap
$175 per month . Learn more.
$1800. Learn more.
Assistance Expiration
12/31/2023. Learn more.
Generics
No lower-cost generic available
No lower-cost generic available
Physician Advisory
Adverse Reactions
Most common adverse reactions associated with empagliflozin (5% or greater incidence) were urinary tract infection and female genital mycotic infections. Most common adverse reactions associated with metformin (>5%) are diarrhea, nausea/vomiting, flatulence, abdominal discomfort, indigestion, asthenia, and headache.. Learn more.
The most common adverse reactions, reported in ≥5% of patients treated with MOUNJARO are: nausea, diarrhea, decreased appetite, vomiting, constipation, dyspepsia, and abdominal pain.. Learn more.
Mechanism of Actions (MoA)
SGLT2 Inhibitors. Learn more.
GLP-1 Receptor Agonists. Learn more.
Special Populations
What are the risks associated with MOUNJARO use during pregnancy?

Available data with MOUNJARO use in pregnant women are insufficient to evaluate for a drug-related risk of major birth defects, miscarriage, or other adverse maternal or fetal outcomes. There are risks to the mother and fetus associated with poorly controlled diabetes in pregnancy (see Clinical Considerations). Based on animal reproduction studies, there may be risks to the fetus from exposure to tirzepatide during pregnancy. MOUNJARO should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus. In pregnant rats administered tirzepatide during organogenesis, fetal growth reductions and fetal abnormalities occurred at clinical exposure in maternal rats based on AUC. In rabbits administered tirzepatide during organogenesis, fetal growth reductions were observed at clinically relevant exposures based on AUC. These adverse embryo/fetal effects in animals coincided with pharmacological effects on maternal weight and food consumption (see Data). The estimated background risk of major birth defects is 6–10% in women with pre-gestational diabetes with an HbA1c >7% and has been reported to be as high as 20–25% in women with an HbA1c >10%. The estimated background risk of miscarriage for the indicated population is unknown. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2–4% and 15–20%, respectively.

What are the clinical considerations regarding pregnancy and MOUNJARO use?

Disease-Associated Maternal and/or Embryo/Fetal Risk Poorly controlled diabetes in pregnancy increases the maternal risk for diabetic ketoacidosis, pre-eclampsia, spontaneous abortions, preterm delivery and delivery complications. Poorly controlled diabetes increases the fetal risk for major birth defects, stillbirth, and macrosomia-related morbidity.

What animal data is available regarding MOUNJARO use during pregnancy?

In pregnant rats given twice weekly subcutaneous doses of 0.02, 0.1, and 0.5 mg/kg tirzepatide (0.03-, 0.07-, and 0.5-fold the MRHD of 15 mg once weekly based on AUC) during organogenesis, increased incidences of external, visceral, and skeletal malformations, increased incidences of visceral and skeletal developmental variations, and decreased fetal weights coincided with pharmacologically-mediated reductions in maternal body weights and food consumption at 0.5 mg/kg. In pregnant rabbits given once weekly subcutaneous doses of 0.01, 0.03, or 0.1 mg/kg tirzepatide (0.01-, 0.06-, and 0.2-fold the MRHD) during organogenesis, pharmacologically-mediated effects on the gastrointestinal system resulting in maternal mortality or abortion in a few rabbits occurred at all dose levels. Reduced fetal weights associated with decreased maternal food consumption and body weights were observed at 0.1 mg/kg. In a pre- and post-natal study in rats administered subcutaneous doses of 0.02, 0.10, or 0.25 mg/kg tirzepatide twice weekly from implantation through lactation, F1 pups from F0 maternal rats given 0.25 mg/kg tirzepatide had statistically significant lower mean body weight when compared to controls from post-natal day 7 through post-natal day 126 for males and post-natal day 56 for females.

What are the risks associated with MOUNJARO use during lactation?

There are no data on the presence of tirzepatide in animal or human milk, the effects on the breastfed infant, or the effects on milk production. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother's clinical need for MOUNJARO and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed infant from MOUNJARO or from the underlying maternal condition.

How does MOUNJARO use affect oral hormonal contraceptives?

Use of MOUNJARO may reduce the efficacy of oral hormonal contraceptives due to delayed gastric emptying. This delay is largest after the first dose and diminishes over time. Advise patients using oral hormonal contraceptives to switch to a non-oral contraceptive method, or add a barrier method of contraception for 4 weeks after initiation and for 4 weeks after each dose escalation with MOUNJARO.

Is MOUNJARO safe and effective for pediatric patients?

Safety and effectiveness of MOUNJARO have not been established in pediatric patients (younger than 18 years of age).

Are there age-related differences in MOUNJARO use for geriatric patients?

In the pool of seven clinical trials, 1539 (30.1%) MOUNJARO-treated patients were 65 years of age or older, and 212 (4.1%) MOUNJARO-treated patients were 75 years of age or older at baseline. No overall differences in safety or efficacy were detected between these patients and younger patients, but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out.

Is dosage adjustment necessary for patients with renal impairment using MOUNJARO?

No dosage adjustment of MOUNJARO is recommended for patients with renal impairment. In subjects with renal impairment including end-stage renal disease (ESRD), no change in tirzepatide pharmacokinetics (PK) was observed [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. Monitor renal function when initiating or escalating doses of MOUNJARO in patients with renal impairment reporting severe adverse gastrointestinal reactions.

Is dosage adjustment necessary for patients with hepatic impairment using MOUNJARO?

No dosage adjustment of MOUNJARO is recommended for patients with hepatic impairment. In a clinical pharmacology study in subjects with varying degrees of hepatic impairment, no change in tirzepatide PK was observed.